By Philippe Nemo
Presents a context for figuring out today’s great states through tracing the origins of political inspiration from the earliest prestates via next eras, together with the philosophers and thinkers of the Greek city-state, Roman legislation, and the Christian Gospels; Nemo additional examines the effect on political association that extends from canon legislations and the effect of diverse Christian thinkers.
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Extra resources for A History of Political Ideas from Antiquity to the Middle Ages
Similarly, it is the will of Zeus that injustice be the lot of animals: “Here is the law, as Zeus established it for human beings; as for fish, and wild animals, and the flying birds, they feed on each other, since there is no idea of justice among them; but to men he gave justice, and she in the end is proved the best thing they have” (Works and Days, verses 275–79). Now, in the society in which Hesiod lives, it is not the law of work and justice that predominates but the law of the predator, the law of the strongest.
But these expeditions were exceptional. The city had no need of conquest; its political ideal was one of “reaction,” the arrest of time, the maintenance of the city in the same permanent state (this would be Plato’s ideal as well). Did this military option at least enable Sparta to be a great power? This is debatable. Its army arrived late in Marathon in 490 BC because it had been involved in suppressing a helot revolt in Messenia. As a result, the full glory of victory accrued to Athens, the democratic city-state.
Mycenaean civilization’s influence spread throughout Greece and Asia Minor and even into Phoenicia, Palestine, and Egypt (Mycenae also borrowed maritime techniques from the Cretans and was able to conduct raids against Egypt). Numerous Linear B tablets have survived. Its script was deciphered in 1954 and since then our knowledge of the Mycenaean civilization has grown. It was a replica of the Minoan civilization: centralized monarchic states administered by a bureaucracy centered around the palace, which ruled over political life, as well as over the economic and social life of the surrounding territory.
A History of Political Ideas from Antiquity to the Middle Ages by Philippe Nemo